What is a Terrarium (Terrarium)
Terrarium or vivarium is medium or container made of glass or transparent plastic containing plants, which cater for diverse needs, such as for research, methods of planting and decorating. Can be said that the terrarium is the most natural artificial biosphere because of the biological function occurs in the terrarium was similar to what occurs in nature. So that the terrarium can also be used as a mini biology laboratory.
Terrarium will display a miniature garden in a glass media. Terrarium can simulate the actual conditions in the wild in the medium of glass. For example terarim can simulate a desert ecosystem, desert ecosystem, ecosystems and other tropical rain forest.
Terrarium was first introduced in England. Begins with a mini greenhouse in the United Kingdom and the nobility and terrarium become famous throughout the world including in Indonesia.
Terrarium currently available, can be divided into three categories, namely:
* Open Air Terrarium, the terrarium with the top open or closed. To create a miniature plants, such as the media is the most easily used and maintained. You can even make the decoration of this type of plants in a terrarium in a very short time.
* Terrarium Closed, namely terrarium with a sealed condition in all sections. The goal was to create a unique biosphere in the terrarium. Terrarium is the most difficult to be made and maintained. More challenges in making this type of terrarium. Some factors that must be special attention to a closed terrarium is a matter of quantity of water and proper lighting. Terrarium this type typically have a small part of which to put plants and other materials inside the terrarium. Of course this can be a challenge.
* Terrarium Animals, as the name implies, this type of terrarium used for small animals to put on display. For example lizard, iguana, frogs, small turtles or snakes. The aim is to display replica of the real world of fauna in the wild with a move into an attractive glass media.
Type of Terrarium Plants
Given the medium of glass terrarium is limited in size and has a unique biosphere, the selection of plants placed in the terrarium must be equally appropriate. Some plants commonly used in the terrarium, among others sansiviera, cactus, succulent and Bromelia.