Nausea and vomiting is very disturbing, but usually not dangerous. These disorders are usually caused by an emotional stress or excitement, overeating, certain medicines, food poisoning and drunk driving.
However, prolonged vomiting can be one symptom of a more serious condition and should be evaluated by a physician. Here are some simple steps you need to do to mitigate and prevent further disturbances:
Symptoms of dehydration
If your child vomiting, try to notice symptoms of dehydration such as increased thirst, dry lips or mouth, sunken eyes, rapid breathing or heart beat faster and faster.
Children are experiencing greater risk of dehydration than adults. In infants, the decline in the frequency and amount of urine and the presence of spots on the baby's head is a symptom of dehydration that need to be aware of.
If vomiting lasts for more than 24 hours or if there are symptoms of dehydration, it is important to replace fluids lost. Adults can drink electrolyte drinks regular. Being of children should be given a special fluid that is formulated to overcome dehydration, such as Pedialyte, Liquilytes, or Ricelyte. Children under 6 years of age most at risk of dehydration. Therefore, they immediately kemugkinan dehydration requiring fluid several hours after vomiting.
One hour after vomiting stops, you can start a liquid diet. Use clear fluids and avoid milk or milk products. Clear chicken broth or apple juice that has been diluted in small quantities is a good initial choice.
After 24 hours without vomiting, you can eat soft foods, such as gelatin and applesauce. The next day, you could eat solid foods are bland, including bread.
Most of the nausea and vomiting goes away by itself. But for adults and children over the age of two years, the drugs known as antiemetics (Antiemetic) can prevent and control the vomiting caused by nausea.
Several types of antiemetics help nausea caused by viruses, bacteria, and overeating. Other types of help nausea caused by drunk driving or nausea caused by chemotherapy. There's a good idea to consult a physician before using Antiemetic.
Evidence suggests that ginger is an effective natural remedy to overcome nausea. A study funded by the National Cancer Institute found that chemotherapy patients who consumed at least a quarter of a teaspoon of ginger a day experienced a significant reduction in nausea.
Peppermint is also a natural remedy which was declared effective. Working peppermint oil relaxes the abdominal muscles are tense. This tense muscles associated with nausea and vomiting. Try peppermint chewing gum or sucking hard candy peppermint.
Some studies, such as webmd.com site quoted, found that acupressure wrist area can prevent and relieve nausea. One pressure point is believed to help is on the surface of your forearm, just below the wrist. To find that point, use the middle finger and your index finger to measure the distance of two fingers under the hand and arm meeting place. Then press right on the bottom, between the two large tendons, with the thumb. Use the pressure intensity for two to three minutes.
When to go to the doctor
Doctor immediately seek help if the children or adults with vomiting of blood or vomiting accompanied with a stiff neck, chronic headaches, confusion or fever. Children under six years of age should be taken to the doctor if vomiting lasts more than a few hours. Medium adults should seek the help of a doctor if vomiting lasts for more than 24 hours